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technical resource center < hazardouse waste characterization <

Reactivity

According to EPA 40 CFR Part 261.23, a solid waste exhibits the characteristic of reactivity if a representative sample of the waste has any of the following properties:

  • It is normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change without detonating.
  • It reacts violently with water.
  • It forms potentially explosive mixtures with water.
  • When mixed with water, it generates toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
  • It is a cyanide or sulfide bearing waste which, when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12.5, can generate toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.

      The recommended test for cyanide is EPA Method 9014.

  • It is capable of detonation or explosive reaction if it is subjected to a strong initiating source or if heated under confinement.
  • It is readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction at standard temperature and pressure.
  • It is a forbidden explosive as defined in 49 CFR 173.51, or a Class A explosive as defined in 49 CFR 73.53, or a Class B explosive as defined in 49 CFR 173.88.

A solid waste that exhibits the characteristic of reactivity has the EPA Hazardous Waste Number D003.

 

 

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